A daybook is a descriptive and chronological (diary-like) record of day-to-day financial transactions; it is also called a book of original entry. The daybook’s details must be transcribed formally into journals to enable posting to ledgers. Daybooks include:
- Sales daybook, for recording sales invoices.
- Sales credits daybook, for recording sales credit notes.
- Purchases daybook, for recording purchase invoices.
- Purchases debits daybook, for recording purchase debit notes.
- Cash daybook, usually known as the cash book, for recording all monies received and all monies paid out. It may be split into two daybooks: a receipts daybook documenting every money-amount received, and a payments daybook recording every payment made.
- General Journal daybook, for recording journal entries.
Petty cash book
A petty cash book is a record of small-value purchases before they are later transferred to the ledger and final accounts; it is maintained by a petty or junior cashier. This type of cash book usually uses the imprest system: a certain amount of money is provided to the petty cashier by the senior cashier. This money is to cater for minor expenditures (hospitality, minor stationery, casual postage, and so on) and is reimbursed periodically on satisfactory explanation of how it was spent.